Propaganda of modern day Russia, name-calling Latvian Legion soldiers “Nazis” and accusing them of “crimes against humanity”, keeps telling, that International Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal would have declared Baltic soldiers, fighting on the German side during WWII against Soviet Red Army, war criminals. The truth is considerably different - former Latvian and Estonian legionaries were guarding imprisoned Nazis in Nuremberg and securing facilities of Allied army.
In 1946 the coalition government of Sweden, led by Social Democrats, extradited to Stalinist USSR soldiers of Latvian Legion interned in Sweden. Later Swedish government admitted, that it had been a mistake. Surviving veterans were invited to Sweden to meet King Carl XVI Gustaf and Minister for Foreign affairs of Sweden.
Unique opportunity to see a brochure of statistical data of Republic of Latvia for period of 1934-1939, published 1939.
Insight into Soviet atrocities in Latvia after its “liberation” and bolshevization by Communist party and Red Army in 1940-1941.
At the dawn of 15 June 1940, two days prior to the occupation of Latvia by USSR, Soviet military units crossed the border between the two countries and carried out several attacks against Latvian border guard facilities in Abrene district, killing several people and taking into captivity many others, mostly civilians, including little children.
The ethnic structure of Latvia and its change dynamics reflect the dramatic events of the 20th century. Latvians still are less numerous than they were 100 years ago.
In July 1940, the readers of Latvian female magazines learned, that further on for the money which they had paid they will be receiving a different magazine - “Darba sieviete” (“Work Woman”). Study of the first issue of the magazine lets us feel an atmosphere of the dramatic change that was going on these days in Latvia, as well as to recognize a pattern of relic Soviet propaganda in today's beliefs.
From time to time Russian mass media present again the idea that the role of Russia in foreign trade of Latvia is dominant and of critical importance to the Latvian economics, and that the reduction in amount of this Russian trade share could serve as a tool to force Latvia behave in ways that suite Russian political agenda. But what the actual situation is?
Life of Latvian army unit based in Litene army camp, as seen in photos of the late thirties.